Ed. note: These are the sayings attributed to Jesus in the Gospel
of Mark, but which also have parallels in either Q or the Gospel of Thomas.
It is my contention that these constitute an early version of a sayings
gospel (akin to Q or Thomas) that the author of Mark had at his disposal
when he put the gospel together for the first time. I have removed the
exposition before or after each saying, taking the position that such
exposition was created by Mark to provide a narrative setting for the
sayings (much as the author of the Gospel of Matthew created the setting
of the Sermon on the Mount). The text of this collection is taken from
the World English Bible, though I have obviously edited it heavily (mostly
removing text). I have left in the note links from the W.E.B. where possible.
As far as the words of the sayings, I have put them in bold font and color-coded
them according to the weighted averages of the Jesus Seminar. Also, at
the start of each saying or complex, I indicate which gospels are parallels.
Mk = The Gospel of Mark; Q= The Sayings Gospel Q; and T = The Gospel of
Back to The Three Jesuses of the Gospel of
(2,21) (Mk, T) No one sews a piece of unshrunk
cloth on an old garment, or else the patch shrinks and the new tears away
from the old, and a worse hole is made. (2,22) No
one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst
the skins, and the wine pours out, and the skins will be destroyed; but
they put new wine into fresh wineskins.
(3,23) (Mk, Q) How can Satan cast out Satan?
(3,24) If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand.
(3,25) If a house is divided against itself, that house cannot stand.
(3,26) If Satan has risen up against himself, and is divided, he can't
stand, but has an end.
(3,27) (Mk, Q, T) But no one can enter into
the house of the strong man to plunder, unless he first binds the strong
man; and then he will plunder his house.
(3,28) (Mk, Q, T) Most certainly I tell you, all sins of the descendants
of man will be forgiven, including their blasphemies with which they may
blaspheme; (3,29) but whoever may blaspheme against the Holy Spirit never
has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin.
(3,34) (Mk, T) Behold, my mother and my brothers!
(3,35) For whoever does the will of God, the same is my brother, and my
sister, and mother.
(4,1) (Mk, T) Listen! Behold, the farmer went
out to sow, (4,4) and it happened, as he sowed, some seed fell by the
road, and the birds* came and devoured it. (4,5) Others fell
on the rocky ground, where it had little soil, and immediately it sprang
up, because it had no depth of soil. (4,6) When the sun had risen, it
was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. (4,7) Others
fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded
no fruit. (4,8) Others fell into the good ground, and yielded fruit, growing
up and increasing. Some brought forth thirty times, some sixty times,
and some one hundred times as much.
(4,21) (Mk, Q, T) Is the lamp brought to be
put under a basket or under a bed? Isn't it put on a stand?
(4,22) (Mk, Q, T) For there is nothing hidden,
except that it should be made known; neither was anything made secret,
but that it should come to light.
(4,24) (Mk, Q) Take heed what you hear.
With whatever measure you measure, it will be measured
to you, and more will be given to you who hear.
(4,25) (Mk, Q, T) For whoever has, to him will
more be given, and he who doesn't have, even that which he has will be
taken away from him.
(4,26) (Mk, T) The
Kingdom of God is as if a man should cast seed on the earth, (4,27) and
should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should spring up and
grow, he doesn't know how. (4,28) For the earth bears fruit: first the
blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. (4,29) But when the
fruit is ripe, immediately he puts forth the sickle, because the harvest
(4,30) (Mk, Q, T) How will we liken the Kingdom
of God? Or with what parable will we illustrate it? (4,31) It's like a
grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, though it
is less than all the seeds that are on the earth, (4,32) yet when it is
sown, grows up, and becomes greater than all the herbs, and puts out great
branches, so that the birds of the sky can lodge under its shadow.
(6,4) (Mk, T) A
prophet is not without honor, except in his own country, and among his
own relatives, and in his own house.
(6,8) (Mk, Q) He
commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey, except
a staff only: no bread, no wallet, no money in their purse, (6,9) but
to wear sandals, and not put on two tunics. (Ed. note: This
is not indicated as a saying in Mark, but paraphrases what the Prophet
said to his disciples.)
(6,10) (Mk, Q) Wherever
you enter into a house, stay there until you depart from there.
(6,11) (Mk, Q) Whoever will not receive
you nor hear you, as you depart from there, shake off the dust that is
under your feet for a testimony against them. Assuredly, I tell you, it
will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than
for that city!
(7,14) (Mk, T) Hear
me, all of you, and understand. (7,15) There is nothing from outside of
the man, that going into him can defile him; but the things which proceed
out of the man are those that defile the man.
(8,12) (Mk, Q) Why
does this generation seek a sign? Most certainly I tell you,
no sign will be given to this generation.
(8,34) (Mk, Q, T) Whoever wants to come after me, let him deny himself,
and take up his cross, and follow me.
(8,35) (Mk, Q) For whoever wants to save
his life will lose it; and whoever will lose his life for my sake and
the sake of the Good News will save it.
(8,38) (Mk, Q) For whoever will be ashamed
of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son
of Man also will be ashamed of him, when he comes in the glory of his
Father with the holy angels."
(9,40) (Mk, Q) For
whoever is not against us is on our side.
(9,42) (Mk, Q) Whoever will cause one
of these little ones who believe in me to stumble, it would be better
for him if he was thrown into the sea with a millstone hung around his
(9,50) (Mk, Q) Salt
is good, but if the salt has lost its saltiness, with what will you season
(10,10) (Mk, Q) Whoever
divorces his wife, and marries another, commits adultery against her.
(10,12) If a woman herself divorces her husband, and marries another,
she commits adultery.
(10,23) (Mk) How difficult it is for those who
have riches to enter into the Kingdom of God!
(10,25) (Mk) It is easier for a camel to go
through a needle's eye than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of
(10,31) (Mk, Q, T) But many who are first will
be last; and the last first.
(11,22) (Mk, Q, T) Have faith in God. (11,23)
For most certainly I tell you, whoever may tell this mountain, 'Be taken
up and cast into the sea,' and doesn't doubt in his heart, but believes
that what he says is happening; he shall have whatever he says.
(11,25) (Mk, Q) Whenever
you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone; so that
your Father, who is in heaven, may also forgive you your transgressions.
(12,1) (Mk, T) A
man planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a pit for the winepress,
built a tower, rented it out to a farmer, and went into another country.
(12,2) When it was time, he sent a servant to the farmer to get from the
farmer his share of the fruit of the vineyard. (12,3) They took him, beat
him, and sent him away empty. (12,4) Again, he sent another servant to
them; and they threw stones at him, wounded him in the head, and sent
him away shamefully treated. (12,5) Again he sent another; and they killed
him; and many others, beating some, and killing some. (12,6) Therefore
still having one, his beloved son, he sent him last to them, saying, 'They
will respect my son.' (12,7) But those farmers said among themselves,
'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'
(12,8) They took him, killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard. (12,9)
What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy
the farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.
(12,17) (Mk, T, Egerton) Render to Caesar the
things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.
(12,38) (Mk, Q) Beware
of the scribes, who like to walk in long robes, and to get greetings in
the marketplaces, (12,39) and the best seats in the synagogues, and the
best places at feasts.
 back to 4:4 TR adds "of the air"
 back to 4:21 literally, a modion, a dry
measuring basket containing about a peck (about 9 litres)
 back to 8:12 The word translated
"generation" here (genea) could also be translated "people," "race," or